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libssh2 Security Advisory

Using SSH_MSG_KEXINIT data unbounded

Project libssh2 Security Advisory, March 11th 2015 - Permalink

VULNERABILITY

When negotiating a new SSH session with a remote server, one of libssh2's functions for doing the key exchange (kex_agree_methods()) was naively reading data from the incoming packet and using it without doing sufficient range checks. The SSH_MSG_KEXINIT packet arrives to libssh2 with a set of strings, sent as a series of LENGTH + DATA pairs. libssh2 would go through the list and read the LENGTH field, read the string following the LENGTH and then advance the pointer LENGTH bytes in memory and expect to find the next LENGTH + DATA pair there. Then move on until seven subsequent strings are taken care of. It would naively assume that the (unsigned 32 bit) LENGTH fields were valid.

This packet arrives in the negotiating phase so the remote server has not yet been deemed to be a known or trusted party.

A malicious attacker could man in the middle a real server and cause libssh2 using clients to crash (denial of service) or otherwise read and use completely unintended memory areas in this process.

There are no known exploits of this flaw at this time.

INFO

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the name CVE-2015-1782 to this issue.

AFFECTED VERSIONS

libssh2 is used by many applications, but not always advertised as such!

THE SOLUTION

libssh2 1.5.0 makes sure that the LENGTH fields read from the packet fit within the received packet size before attempting to read them, or it fails graciously.

A patch for this problem is available at:

https://www.libssh2.org/CVE-2015-1782.patch

RECOMMENDATIONS

We suggest you take one of the following actions immediately, in order of preference:

A - Upgrade to libssh2 1.5.0

B - Apply the patch and rebuild libssh2

TIME LINE

It was first reported to the libssh2 project on January 25 2015. We contacted distros@openwall on March 6.

libssh2 1.5.0 was released on March 11th 2015, coordinated with the publication of this advisory.

CREDITS

Reported by Mariusz Ziulek. Patch written by Mariusz Ziulek and Daniel Stenberg,

Thanks a lot!